Acupuncturist: A trained health care professional who practices the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine in the form of acupuncture inserting very thin needles through a person’s skin at specific points on the body, to various depths.
Audiologists: A health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and related disorders, including balance (vestibular) disorders and tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and to rehabilitate individuals with hearing loss and related disorders.
Allergist: These doctors help in treating different kinds of allergies and immune system disorders like hay fever, asthma, etc.
Andrologists: The andrologist helps in diagnosing and treating disorders related to the male reproductive system.
Anesthesiologists: They study and administer anesthesia and anesthetic medicines that help in facilitating treatment, diagnosis of medical conditions and complete minor and major surgeries without the patient having to feel more than the prick of the anesthetic needle.
Ayurvedic Practitioner: This health care professional uses holistic techniques from India to help patients maintain a healthy life, eliminate impurities, reduce stress, and fight disease.
Cardiologist: These are doctors of the heart that diagnose and treat heart diseases and cardiovascular diseases.
Cardiac Electrophysiologist: Also known as a cardiac EP, this cardiologist treats heart rhythm problems and specializes in the hearts electrical system.
Chiropractor: These healthcare professionals have extensive training in chiropractic care and are licensed practitioners. They use hands-on spinal manipulation and other alternative treatments that properly align the body’s musculoskeletal structure, particularly the spine, which will enable the body to heal itself without surgery or medication.
Dentist: These doctors are concerned with dental health, teeth and dental problems like cavities and bleeding gums. They treat gum diseases, straighten teeth, carry out root canals, etc.
Dermatologists: A dermatologist studies the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases, as well as its appendages (nails, hair, sweat glands) and treats the related ailments.
Diagnostician: A health care professional who studies the medical symptoms and reports of patients to diagnose the disease. These physicians are specialist or experts in making medical diagnoses.
Emergency Doctors: Emergency doctors are those who offer their services in the emergency room (ER) and are on call 24/7. They treat various emergency cases that vary from poisoning, broken bones, burns, heart attack, and anything and everything that can be termed as a medical emergency.
Endocrinologists: A doctor who studies disorders of the endocrine system and their glands, like thyroid problems and other such hormonal imbalances and the specific secretions of hormones is what entails an endocrinologist job description.
Epidemiologists: Epidemiologist are the doctors who are also known as ‘disease detectives’. They carry out study of diseases and come up with ways of prevention of diseases through vaccinations, etc.
Family Practitioner: These are your friendly neighborhood doctors who are basically general physicians who treat patients of all ages & medical non-emergency conditions usually in a clinic.
Gastroenterologists: A doctor that studies and focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the digestive system which include the stomach, small and large intestines, pancreas, and liver.
Geriatrician: A medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and disability in older adults.
Gynecologists: The doctor who studies and treats diseases of the female reproductive system.
Hematologists: A hematologist studies blood, blood-forming organs and blood related diseases.
Hepatologists: Hepatologists study and treat diseases of the liver.
Homeopathic Doctor: Homeopathy is one of the holistic healing systems like Ayurveda. Homeopathy considers the body, mind, spirit, and feelings of the patient to prescribe plant-based medicines (herbs) which stimulate the body’s own healing abilities.
Hyperbaric Physician: These health care professionals specialize in hyperbaric medicine. They use hyperbaric oxygen therapy to treat conditions such as decompression illness and carbon monoxide poisoning.
Immunologists: The doctor who studies all aspects of the immune system in all organisms and gives treatment to diseases of the immune system.
Infectious Disease Specialists: The doctors who study & treat diseases that are caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, and are usually based within the hospital. These doctors are involved in a lot of research work.
Internal Medicine Specialists: These doctors provide diagnosis, management and nonsurgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases and are usually found working in hospitals as intensivists (A physician who specializes in the care of critically ill patients, usually in an intensive care unit (ICU)
. Internists: These doctors focus on adult medicine and have completed a special study related to the prevention and treatment of adult diseases.
Maxillofacial Surgeon/ Oral surgeons: These doctors are dental specialists who treat conditions, defects, injuries and who are trained in surgery of the mouth, teeth, jaws and face.
Medical Examiner: These doctors specialize in forensic pathology, and autopsies. They perform autopsies and inspect organs, tissue and bodily fluids to determine the cause of death in violent or suspicious cases.
Medical Geneticist: A medical geneticist is the doctor that carries out studies, tests, treatments and counseling patients with genetic diseases.
Microbiologists: A microbiologist studies causes, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases.
Naturopathic Doctor: A naturopathic doctor is similar to Ayurveda and Homeopathy doctors who focus on the holistic healing system. These doctors use a system or method of treating disease that employs no surgery or synthetic drugs but uses special diets, herbs, vitamins, massage, etc., to assist the natural healing processes.
Neonatologist: The neonatologist is the doctor that provides medical care to premature and critically ill newborn babies.
Nephrologist: The doctor who treats diseases of the kidney and urinary systems, such as inflammation of the kidneys, kidney biopsy, dialysis, chronic kidney disease, or cancer.
Neurologist: These doctors treat one of the most delicate and important organs of the body, the brain. They specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases that affect the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and the neurons). They treat conditions like seizures, strokes, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, etc.
Neurosurgeons: These are doctors that deal with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders/diseases. Neurosurgeons are licensed to operate and perform surgeries on the patient’s brain. There are several sub-branches of neurosurgery; Vascular neurosurgery, Stereotactic Neurosurgery, Skull base surgery, Spinal neurosurgery, Peripheral nerve surgery, Oncological neurosurgery, and Pediatric Neurosurgery.
Obstetrician: This is a part of gynecology and the doctors are experts with childbirth, C-sections, gynecological surgeries like hysterectomy, surgical removal of ovarian tumors, examination of the pelvic region, PAP smears, prenatal care, etc.
Occupational Medicine Specialist: This is a medical doctor who is trained in providing continuous care for injured workers and helping them to get back to work. OM specialists work to ensure that the highest standards of occupational health and safety are achieved and maintained in the workplace.
Oncologist: This is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer. There are four important sub-divisions within Oncologist profession: medical oncologist (chemotherapy or medications), a surgical oncologist (surgical procedure of a variety of tumors), radiation oncologist (megavoltage X-rays or radionuclides) and pediatric oncologist (physician specialized in childhood cancer).
Ophthalmologist: The doctor that takes care of eyes and treats various eye problems and performs different eye surgeries.
Orthopedic Surgeons: (Orthopedist) These are doctors specially trained to diagnose, treat, and operate patients with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system (which includes the muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, and the nerves).
Otolaryngologist (ENT specialists): These doctors specialize in managing and treating patients with various disorders of the Ear, the Nose and the Throat, as well as to some extent some ailments of the head and the neck. This field is also known as otolaryngology.
Paleo pathologist: These doctors specialize in the study of ancient diseases. Several ancient diseases that even exist or of which case reports could be found are Gout, Yellow Fever, Tetanus, Pneumococcal disease, Measles, Pertussis, Diphtheria, Chickenpox, Poliomyelitis, Leishmaniasis, Cholera, Lyme disease, Inanition, Ergotism, Pharyngitis, Smallpox, Trachoma, Leprosy, Typhoid fever, Plague, Neuralgia etc.
Palliative Care Specialist: These doctors provide care and treatments which improve quality of life for people in any stage of their illness, whether it is life threating, terminal or curable.
Parasitologist: These are doctors who study and deal with parasites (microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, worms, and insects) that could either live temporarily or permanently, on or inside the human body.
Pathologists: These doctors study abnormalities in living organisms, diagnosing diseases and conditions from tissue samples like blood or biopsy samples. Forensic Pathologists work as medical examiners & carry out autopsies to determine the cause of death.
Pediatricians: A pediatrician is the doctor who studies and treats medical problems of infants, children, and adolescents.
Perinatologist: The doctor who is sometimes also referred to as a maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist or obstetrician gynecologist who specializes in treating high risk pregnancies
Periodontist: A periodontist is a doctor who specializes in oral health care. They also diagnose and treat periodontal disease (gum disease) and is involved in the placement of dental implants.
Physiologists: A physiologist is a life science doctor who specializes in physiology.
Physiotherapist: These therapist helps people affected by injury, illness or disability through massage, heat treatment, stretch exercises, education, and advice rather than drugs or surgery.
Physiatrist: This doctor specializes in helping patients to recover function after trauma such as a stroke, or surgery. In treating these patients, physiatrists lead a group of physical, occupational, recreational and speech therapists, nurses, psychologists (for counseling), and other social workers to help with the faster recovery.
Plastic Surgeon: A plastic surgeon is the doctor who can literally change the life and look of a patient. He performs cosmetic surgery to repair skin and structural problems that may alter the personality of the patient for good.
Podiatrists: The doctor who studies and treats disorders of the foot and ankle.
Psychiatrists: These doctors specialize in psychiatry, that is, a branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnoses and treatment of mental illness and behavioral disorders.
Pulmonologist: The doctor who diagnoses and treats lung conditions and treatments and even manages critical care patients admitted in the ICU and those that are on ventilator support.
Radiologists: A radiologist is a medical professional specially trained to diagnose and treat their patients by interpreting test results from medical imaging techniques such as x-rays, MRI’s, CT scans, PET’s.
Rheumatologists: These doctors deal with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases such as back pain, Bursitis/Tendinitis, Capsulitis, neck pain, Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis. They also treat immune-mediated disorders, connective tissue diseases, soft-tissue rheumatism, and autoimmune diseases
Sleep Doctor/Sleep Disorder Specialist: These medical doctors specialize in diagnosis & treatment of sleep-related disorders as such as Obstructive Sleep Apnea, insomnia and sinus-related allergies.
Spinal Cord Injury Specialist: These are rehabilitation medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of people with spinal cord injuries.
Sports Medicine Specialist: Sports medicine specialists are trained medical doctors in the treatment of people who have injuries to their bones, muscles, joints, tendons, or ligaments that result from physical activity.
Surgeons: A surgeon performs operations, related to different subspecialties of medicine like general surgery, neurosurgery, cardiovascular, cardiothoracic surgery, ENT, maxillo-facial surgery, plastic surgery, oral surgery, transplant surgery, urology, etc.
Thoracic Surgeon: These doctors specialize in chest, heart, and lung surgeries.
Urologists: The urologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders that affect the male and female urinary tract. They can also treat patients with prostate cancer, and other diseases that affect sexual health and fertility.
Vascular Surgeon: These medical physicians specialize in the diagnosis, medical management, and surgical treatment of diseases with the blood vessels.
Veterinarian: Although, all the above fields are concerned with human treatment, the veterinarian is also a type of doctor and what they do is treat animals. They take care of different diseases of the animal world. There are different kinds of doctors within the field of animal medicine and like human doctors, the veterinarian too has his field of expertise in case of animal problems.